Leslee Udwin no, Honey Singh yes

IN Opinion | 05/03/2015
Since there is so much outrage over a film which is documenting reality, why is there none over the entertainment industry's contribution to misogyny,
Sevanti Ninan
The outrage is typical. As a society we have a bigger problem dealing with documentaries than with the disturbing truths they reveal. That includes the government, media and activists.  This was true of the Muzaffarnagar documentary En Dino Muzaffarnagar  (exploring the roots of communalism in that city) which was denied clearance by the censor board, and now it is true of filmmaker Leslee Udwin and her film India’s Daughter which is to be shown on the BBC on March 8, and was also to be telecast on NDTV 24x7 the same day. The problem is not the rapist's mindset which is being chillingly revealed,  but the fact that someone took all the permissions required and shot the interviews. Or that permission was given.
The minute some footage was shown on news TV and panel discussions beganon Tuesday night, all hell broke loose. Why was permission given?  
Arnab Goswami on Times Now wanted to know if interviewing a rapist was journalism. And asked how a channel could show such an interview, naming rival NDTV, which was showing some portions at that point and was slated to telecast the film on March 8 in India. Is this journalism, thundered a man who compels some viewers to ask that  question every time they watch his shows in which he attacks and insults  individuals without giving them enough chance to speak. Currently seven activists including Aruna Roy, Vrinda Grover and Kavita Krishnan have announced that they are boycotting his show because of his treatment of women activists, bordering on hate speech, on his Newshour on February 17, 2015.
Meanwhile some of these signatories and others are also objecting to Udwin’s film, because they say it could violate the judicial process, since the case is not decided yet. And also because they say she did not try to understand the issue of women’s violence by speaking to them. The first is a valid argument, the second is not.
In the Rajya Sabha, the home minister thundered today that rape was being used for commercial gain by a Western filmmaker. His ministry had already passed a restraining order on the flm being shown, the police had scrambled around yesterday and filed an FIR against unknown persons. By Wednesday evening news channels had begun reporting that legal action against the filmmaker was being contemplated.  Which is quite extraordinary! Is making a searing documentary now a crime? 
The response could be dismissed as typical  if it was not also distracting from the far more serious issue. Yes, the revelations are ugly, but we need to understand if they are an aberration or run deeper than we are aware in the male mindset in some parts of the country. If the good finance minister has allocated yet another Rs 1,000 crore for a Nirbhaya fund, does not the government need all the help it can to understand the problem and how to approach it so that the money is well spent -- if it is spent at all? It barely has been, since the first allocation was made  in  2013. Mr Chidambaram added another Rs 1,000 crore in 2014 and the NDA government yet another  Rs 1,000 crore last week. That is Rs 3,000 crore waiting to solve a problem that surely needs to be understood first?
Such reporting as has sporadically taken place on what is being done with the Nirbhaya fund tells us that all of the following are being contemplated: one stop crisis centres for women in distress, closed-circuit television (CCTVs) and GPS in public transport vehicles, alarm buttons in these for alerting authorities, toll-free numbers, and self-defence lessons for the needy. It is all about mitigating what women face. 
Security and safety can amount to prevention of crime but that is not enough. Might Udwin’s much maligned film force not just the government but also activists to consider the root cause of male violence against women and how that might be tackled? On  a war footing?
The prime minister was much closer to the mark when he brought up the issue of sexual violence against  women in his Independence day address and suggested families look inward and ask themselves how they were bringing up their sons.
Finally, since there is so much outrage over a film which is documenting reality, why is there none over  the entertainment industry’s contribution to mysogyny? Udwin’s film can’t be shown to that sliver of an audience which watches English news but music channels continue to air Honey Singh videos with crudely explicit lyrics which treat  women as sex objects and Bollywood embraces his brand of music, as does the Punjabi film industry. 
After being arrested once he disassociated himself from the songs which promote sexual violence with the word rape in the title, but the rest of his lyrics remain misogynistic. Don’t youth in the Hindi heartland and beyond get their notions of what women are meant for from consuming songs like these? Singh’s lyrics provoked protests immediately afer the Nirbhaya incident in December 2012, but they are still around. Would Mr Rajnath Singh consider being equally outraged by these?
Finally, what probably rankles most is fear of what the film would do to damage India’s image abroad. But what damages  the country’s image more -- the rapes themselves which are prominently covered in the international press, or a documentary film exploring what is causing them?
(Another version of this column appeared in Mint on March 5, 2015.)
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